It really is off to the Far East for the retreat of Pai Mei (Gordon Liu), where Kiddo learns the, erm, Five-Point-Palm Exploding Heart technique. It’s the Gao Temple (Gao Miao) on the east side of Miao Gao Mountain in Zhongwei, China.
The Temple complex is in the centre of Zhongwei, about a hundred miles southwest of Yinchuan, and reached from the northern end of Gulou Beijie.
Built in the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the original temple was
destroyed by an earthquake in 1739, and rebuilt only to be consumed by
fire in 1942. The present complex is a jumble of buildings of different
styles, covering an area of about 4,000 square metres. You can reach Zhongwei by train from Beijing.
On their first day in China, the Kill Bill crew completed twenty-two set ups, almost unheard of for a
typical Hollywood production. After completing their work at the Beijing Studios, where the huge
set for Vol. 1's House of Blue Leaves was constructed, the cast and crew set out for a week of
location shooting at an ancient temple in the town of Zhongwei.
First built in the 17th century the Gao Temple "is a magnificent jumble of buildings and styles
covering an area of about four thousand square meters,â€ according to a Chinese tourist web sit.
The arduous daily climb to the set, up a massive flight of stairs on the east side of Miao Gao
Mountain, 240 meters high, was only a taste of the rigors involved in filming the Shaolin kung fu
training sequences featuring Uma Thurman, Daryl Hannah, and Gordon Liu, "The Cruel Tutelage
of Pei Mei."
(there is a map at the site above too)
The name of the temple becomes clear after you exit the Hall of Heavenly Kings
(天王殿; Tiānwáng Diàn) to climb some seriously steep steps to the halls
high above. After your climb, you are greeted by woodwork in a blaze of
gold, blue, green and vermilion paint.